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symposiums and conferences シンポジウム・学会

Presentation 発表

要旨

This presentation is part of my ongoing research concerning the origin of the myth of “black athleticism,” which has, as my NASSH 2009 presentation suggested, fascinated the Japanese general public to the extent that more than 90% of Japanese college students who served as my informants appear willing to assume the existence of some sort of innate (or genetically transmitted) nature that forms the foundation of the talent and ability of African American athletes.
In search of the origin of this myth, there seems a growing consensus among historians of sport as to locating it during the late first quarter or early second quarter the twentieth century. A historical context that prepared the ground for myth making, which has been illuminated through this consensus, can be summarized as follows: by the time Jesse Owens and Joe Louis achieved world top-ranking positions, black athletes had steadily increased both numerically and proportionally to the extent that even the most obstinate segregationists could hardly ignore their existence. Some of the most dramatic examples of this trend include the rise of the Negro League Baseball, the leading players of which frequently and more often beat the Major League All-Stars. In basketball, such all-black professional teams as the New York Rens and the Harlem Globetrotters impressed their spectators with the speed, power, and athleticism that they had hardly expected from white players. In the formative years of the National Football League, a new generation of talented and superb black players followed the path Fritz Pollard and Paul Robeson had cleared. Also, the black Olympian population had dramatically expanded from only four at the Los Angeles Olympic of 1932 to nineteen at the Berlin of 1936, almost a five-fold increase.
Historians of sport have also shed light on the intellectual currents that underlay the phenomenon of myth formation, investigating how scholars, educators and journalists viewed the advent as athletes of one racial group which had been long viewed as physically inferior, abnormal, and even pathological. For example, Patrick Miller has noted a paradoxical twist in the evaluations and interpretations of the accomplishments that African American had accumulated through their struggles toward muscular assimilation, while Mark Dyreson has traced a gradual conversion from theories of Nordic supremacy to scientific racism as the dominant analytical framework for weighing athletic excellence.
As these scholars have elucidated important intellectual undercurrents in the course of myth formation, however, a different approach allows to explore yet another intriguing aspect of this phenomenon to which historians of sport have not paid enough attention: namely, the impact of nationalism, which would lead both whites and blacks to share an identity as Americans, as a driving force in promoting the formulation and promulgation of the essentialist explanation of African American feats in the sporting events and competitions of the 1920s and 30s. This presentation aims to call attention to this relatively unexplored aspect of the intellectual history of race and athleticism, based on my reading of primary and secondary sources published during the decades. 

研究活動紹介
研究活動紹介
wrigings 執筆
Adacemi Journ Article 論文
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academic journal article 論文
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symposiums and conferences シンポジウム・学会
Presentation 発表
Participation 参加
Presentation 発表
Presentation 発表
Presentation 発表
Presentation 発表
Participation 参加
Presentation 発表
participation 参加
Presentation 発表
Presentation 発表
Moderator 司会
Moderator 司会
Presentation 発表
Presentation 発表
Presentation 発表
Presentation 発表
Presentation 発表
Presentation 発表
leading moderator 総合司会
presentation 発表
Presentation 発表
Presentation 発表
Presentation 発表
Presentation 発表
Moderator 司会
Presentation 発表
lectures 講演
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research visits 調査
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research at arichives アーカイブズでの資料講読
research at archives, interviews with scholars アーカイブズでの資料講読、研究者との情報交換
Research at Archives at the University of California, Berkeley
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visit to partner institution 協定校訪問
visit to partner institution 協定校訪問
visit to partner institution 協定校訪問
Visit to National Chengchi University, Taiwan 台湾 国立政治大学
visit to National Taipei University, Taiwan 台湾 国立台北大学
visit to National Normal University, Taiwan 台湾 国立師範大学
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Courses at Musashi 授業
Lecture at Musashi University 2011 Introduction to American Society 武蔵大学2011年度講義 英米の社会
Seminar in American history at Musashi University 2011 武蔵大学2011年度授業 アメリカ史演習

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